Note: This post is the sole opinion and perspective of the author.

Over the past several months I have been diligently attempting to map the dynamically evolving world of trust frameworks and verifiable credentials into a straightforward and hopefully timeless terminology that can be used for policymaking. The storyboard diagram above is what I’ve come up with so far.

  • Counterparty — for every consequential relationship or transaction there are at a minimum of two parties involved. Regardless of whether the interaction is collaborative, competitive, zero positive sum, they can be considered as counterparties to one another.
  • Claim — is the…

Photo by Edge2Edge Media on Unsplash

Author’s note: This is the sole opinion of the author and may be revised at any time. The views and positions expressed do not necessarily reflect that of the author’s employer nor any involved organizations, committees, or working groups.

If someone were to ask me: “What are the standards you are betting on for 2021?”, this would be my answer:

There are hundreds of ‘digital identity’ standards out there. I have winnowed down the list to three — two technical standards and one non-technical standard:

  1. W3C Decentralized Identifiers (DIDs) v1.0 for a new type of identifier that enables verifiable, decentralized…

The Public Sector Profile of the Pan-Canadian Trust Framework Working Group Close-Out Report

Public Sector Profile of the Pan-Canadian Trust Framework Version 1.2

Note: This post is of the author based on knowledge and experience gained at the time. The author recognizes that there may be errors and biases, and welcomes constructive feedback to correct or ameliorate.

Additional context: This post is based on the report and presentation that was provided on December 10, 2020, to the newly-formed Jurisdictional Experts on Digital Identity (JEDI), the committee responsible for public sector governance for digital identity.

The consultation draft of the Public Sector Profile of the Pan-Canadian Trust Framework Version 1.2 is now available and directly downloadable at this link. …


Photo by Michael Dziedzic on Unsplash

Note: This post is the sole opinion of the author based on knowledge and experience gained at the time. The author recognizes that there may be errors and biases, and welcomes constructive feedback to correct or ameliorate.

We all like secrets. When we possess a secret, it gives us a heightened sense of individuality — that we know some that nobody else knows — giving us a special perspective or an option for the future that only we can exercise — in other words, power.

It turns out, imaginary or not, secrets are fundamental to the power that we have…


Photo by Clem Onojeghuo on Unsplash

Authors note: This is my opinion only and does not reflect that of my employer or any organization with which I am involved. As this is an opinion, I take full responsibility for any implied, explicit, or unconscious bias. I am open to feedback and correction; this opinion is subject to change at any time.

We’re almost there for truly global trusted interoperability. We almost have all of the networks we need. Let’s go through the networks we already have or will have soon (please note — I am only focusing on electronic networks, not physical or social networks)

Global…


Photo by Tekton on Unsplash

Note: This post is the author’s opinion only and does not represent the opinion of the author’s employer, or any organizations with which the author is involved.

Over the past few years, and especially in the face of the COVID-19, there has been a proliferation of activity of developing digital identity trust frameworks. Trust frameworks are being developed by the private sector and the public sector, as collaborative or sector-specific efforts. Trust mark and trust certification programs are also emerging alongside trust framework development efforts.

These trust framework development efforts are worthy undertakings and the results of these efforts should…


An interview by SSI_Ambassador a Twitter account with educational content about self-sovereign identity with a focus on the European Union. The SSI_Ambassador account is managed by Adrian Doerk and the interview was conducted as part of Adrian’s Bachelor’s thesis. I have asked Adrian’s permission to post this material and he has graciously granted me permission. The post is a lightly edited version of the interview transcript. The interview took place in September 2020.

Note: All views and opinions expressed are mine only and do not represent that of my employer or organizations with whom I am involved.

Photo by Lili Popper on Unsplash

The growth factors of Self-Sovereign Identity Solutions in Europe”

Adrian Doerk: My…


Disclaimer: This is posted by me and does not represent the position of my employer or the working groups of which I am a member.

In my never-ending quest to come up with super-simple models I came up with this diagram. This post is a slight editorial refactoring of my recent Twitter thread found here.

A simple ecosystem model

The above illustration is not intended to be an architectural diagram — rather, it helps to 1) clarify conflations, 2) help define scope (the dotted box) and 3) understand motivations — of the parties that exist ‘outside of the system’

For example, ‘Issuer” usually gets…


We Conjure Our Own Spirit Norval Morrisseau

Disclaimer: This is posted by me and does not represent the position of my employer or the working groups of which I am a member.

The Public Sector Profile of the Pan-Canadian Trust Framework Version 1.1 is now available on GitHub. This document reflects the collective effort of almost a year since we last posted Version 1.0 in July 2019. Since then, the public sector (federal, provincial, territorial, and municipal) have met on almost a weekly basis with 20–28 participants on each call. The result is a truly Pan-Canadian perspective.

For this post, I won’t focus on what is in…


Note: This is an edited excerpt from the upcoming release of the Public Sector Profile of the Pan-Canadian Trust Framework Version 1.1

Digital Ecosystem Roles

The digital ecosystem roles are carried out by many different entities that perform specific roles under a variety of labels. Given the variety of business, service, and technology models that exist within the digital ecosystem, roles may be performed by multiple different actors in a given context, or one actor may perform several roles (e.g., be a relying party as well as a credential provider).

The model consists of four roles:

  1. Subject: An entity about which Claims are…

Tim Bouma

Based in Ottawa. Does identity stuff. My tweets are my opinion but they can be yours too!

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